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May 08

It’s not CCD (Colony Collapse Disorder)!

Any other beekeeper out there sick and tired about hearing this ‘mysterious’ bee disease, CCD (Colony colapse disorder?).  The coverage has been overwhelming from national to local TV coverage (on every network including PBS), radio and newspapers down the small local papers.  And it seems to be increasing with attention from even the US congress.  The continuous stream of stories all saying the same thing with little or no new information is becoming unbearable.  Then there are the questions for everyone I meet and phone calls from reporters asking about the bees.

I don’t doubt CCD exists, someting with the same symptoms has been described as early as 1915 and in many different countries.  There are many beekeepers in the US that lost quite a few hives with symptoms matching CCD exactly.  Some of them have been virtually wiped out by it, and I understnd their loss. However, not all the bee losses this year were due to CCD.  Many were due to well known and explained reasons such as starvation, mites and other diseases.  It’s almost too easy just to blame the unknown than to really take a look at what is really happening in some of these hives.

CCD has been reported in Ohio, but from talking to many beekeepers thoughout the state, the state inspectors and my own observations, the majority of the 72% average loss in ohio was not due to CCD.  Rather it was ultimately due to weather.  The 2006 summer was poor for honey production and the following fall was no better.  This resulted in many hives that either did not have enough honey to survive the winter, or that simply did not have a strong population of young bees, or both.  This ment that hives either starved, or their population dwindled thought the winter until they were too small to sustain themselves though the bitter cold this past February. 

Looking back, the loss of bees this winter in Ohio shouldn’t have been a surprise.  I honestly expected a bad winter, with losses several times the normal level, but even that was underestimating the loss I did have.  Starting around June of 2006, hives did not build up as they normally would.  This really continued into fall and should have been a sign to all of us that we needed to do something.  Sadly most of us (including myself) didn’t do enough.  We treated for mite and feed sugar syrup so they would have enough for winter, but failed to reconize the lack of young bees in the hive.  I know hindesight is 20/20, but should I ever see these signs again I will be feeding pollen and pollen substitute to increase brood production in the fall.  Interestingly I just spoke to a beekeeper who use to know Don Cox, a longtime beekeeper whom everyone seems to know.  Don recommend feeding pollen in the fall because it boosted the strength of the hive going into winter.  That piece of advise may have saved many hives this past winter.  The one beekeeper I know of who did this lost 0% of his hives.  (Note: Doc Cox was instrumental in founding the Northwest Ohio Beekeepers Association and started the honey booth at the Allen County Fair.  He passed away just a few years ago and will be missed by those who know him.)

On the plus side, honey bees are finally getting a lot of attention.  I’m not sure it’s putting beekeeping in the best light with all the ‘doom and gloom’ talk, but at least it’s getting attention.  And more important it looks like it may be translating into dollars for research in beekeeping, something that is badly needed.  So I do welcome the attention.

Permanent link to this article: http://www.honeyrunapiaries.com/blog/beekeeping/its-not-ccd-colony-collapse-disorder/

4 comments

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  1. Tim Arheit

    It seems the experts agree that Ohio wasn’t really CCD.
    Dr James Tew: Problems for honeybees, but not CCD, at least in Ohio as a whole.

  2. Brian P. Levine

    I found you insight on the bee die-off interesting.

    To what do you attribute the lack of dead bee bodies in these instances?

    Also, to what do you attribute the fact that other bees in neighboring colonies seem to wait weeks before attempting to take over the empty hive. I thought bees would try to claim the empty hive much more quickly.

    Your thought would be appreciated.

  3. Tim Arheit

    In the only case I\’ve seen that matches the symptoms of CCD, it looked exactly like my observation hive absconded (abandoned the hive) last year. It happened quickly, probably in minutes and not over weeks as typical with disease or causes. It leaves no (or few) and often just older capped brood. Bees are know to abscond when something makes their home undesirable (temperatures too high, disease, etc.) It\’s not common in my experience, but it has happened. Of course no one is watching these hives 24/7, so to my knowledge no one has notice them leaving in mass.

    There are indications that it could be some sort of parasite (bacteria, virus, fungus, etc.) The odor of the parasite or some chemical they emit, could keep other bees at bay (especially if it was the cause of the bees leaving the hive in the first place).

    Of course this is pure speculation at this point.

  4. Waheed Elqalatawy

    A great article !
    Writertiff made a lens at squidoo
    http://www.squidoo.com/bee
    and I made another lens
    http://www.squidoo.com/why-is-ccd-more-serious/
    They both extrapolate the disaster in case
    you want to look at them.

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